Public Holiday

Posted: April 6, 2012 in Uncategorized

The United States does not have national holidays in the sense of days on which all employees in the U.S. receive mandatory a day free from work and all business is halted by law. The U.S. federal
government can only recognize national holidays that pertain to its own employees; it is at the discretion of each state or local jurisdiction to determine official holiday schedules. There are eleven such federal holidays, ten annual (New Years , Martin Luther King, Washington's Birthday, Memorial, Independence, Labor, Columbus, Veterans, Thanksgiving, and Christmas) and one quadrennial (Inauguration Day). The annual federal holidays are widely observed by state and local governments; however, they may alter the dates of observance or add or subtract holidays according to local custom. Pursuant to the Uniform Monday Holiday Act of 1968 , official holidays are observed on a Monday, except for New Year's Day, Independence Day, Veterans Day, Thanksgiving, and Christmas. There is no generally accepted policy, however, on whether to observe a Saturday holiday on the preceding Friday or the following Monday. Most states and private businesses may observe on the preceding Friday, some may observe it on the following Monday, and some may not observe the holiday at all in those years. In particular, banks that close on Saturdays do not observe a holiday when it falls on Saturday.
There are also state holidays particular to individual states, such as Good Friday observed by 12 states. Easter is recognized as a flag day but has not been a federal holiday due to falling always on a Sunday, which is a non-working day for federal and state employees. Each of the 50 states has jurisdiction over its own holidays. For a list of legal state holidays by state refer to Malls, shopping centers and most retail stores close only on Easter, Thanksgiving and Christmas Day, but remain open on all other holidays (early closing on Christmas Eve and New Year's Eve, and sometimes on other major holidays). Virtually all companies observe and close on the “major” holidays (New Year's Day, Easter, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Thanksgiving, and Christmas). Some also add the day after Thanksgiving (Black Friday), most businesses also add religious holiday of Good Friday, and sometimes one or more of the other federal/state holidays. There are a number of notable days which are not holidays but are nationally recognized such as
 Bowl Sunday (the day of the National Football League's championship, festivities generally including in-home parties and watching the game on television with beverages and snacks).
 Super Tuesday (political event, variable).
 Tax Freedom Day (day in which an average citizen is said to have worked enough to pay his or her taxes for the year, used by opponents of taxation).
 Opening Day (The beginning of the Major League Baseball season and an unofficial indication that summer is approaching).
 Tax Day (federal and state tax deadline, (April 15) or if on weekend or holiday, next closest Monday or business day).
 Oktoberfest (celebrated most often in areas with contemporary or historic populations of German heritage).
 Black Friday (Busy shopping day where stores lower prices the Friday after Thanksgiving, traditionally the start of the Christmas shopping season).
 Cyber Monday (The equivalent of Black Friday, except online, the Monday after Black Friday).
 Festivus (December 23): made famous on the TV show Seinfeld.
In addition to the federal/national holidays, many religious, ethnic, and other traditional holidays populate the calendar, as well as observances proclaimed by officials and lighter celebrations. These are rarely observed by businesses as holidays (Except for Easter and most often also on Good Friday); indeed, many are viewed as opportunities for commercial promotion. Because of this commercialization, some critics apply the deprecatory term Hallmark holiday to such days, after the Hallmark greeting card company. Literally, every day of the year is celebrated by somebody to honor something. For example, for food advocates the following days are celebrated in March which is also known as National Caffeine Awareness, National Celery, National Flour, National Frozen Food, National Noodle, National Nutrition, National Peanut, and National Sauce month:
 March 1 National Peanut Butter Lover's Day
 March 1 National Fruit Compote Day
 March 2 National Banana Cream Pie Day
 March 3 National Cold Cuts Day
 March 3 National Mulled Wine Day
 March 4 National Poundcake Day
 March 5 National Cheese Doodle Day
 March 6 National Frozen Food Day
 March 6 National White Chocolate Cheesecake Day
 March 7 National Crown Roast of Pork Day
 March 7 National Cereal Day
 March 8 National Peanut Cluster Day
 March 9 National Crabmeat Day
 March 10 National Blueberry Popover Day
 March 11 Oatmeal Nut Waffles Day
 March 12 National Baked Scallops Day
 March 13 National Coconut Torte Day
 March 14 National Potato Chip Day
 March 15 National Peanut Lovers Day
 March 15 National Pears Helene Day
 March 16 National Artichoke Heart Day
 March 18 National Lacy Oatmeal Cookie Day
 March 19 National Poultry Day
 March 19 National Chocolate Caramel Day
 March 20 National Ravioli Day
 March 21 National French Bread Day
 March 23 National Chip and Dip Day
 March 23 National Melba Toast Day
 March 24 National Chocolate Covered Raisins Day
 March 25 National Lobster Newburg Day
 March 26 National Waffle Day
 March 26 National Nougat Day
 March 27 National Spanish Paella Day
 March 28 National Black Forest Cake Day
 March 29 National Lemon Chiffon Cake Day
 March 30 Turkey Neck Soup Day
 March 31 National Clams on the Half Shell Day
[Source: & Fed 2012 ++]


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